Foreign Policy of Tunisia
Principles and Objectives of Tunisian Diplomacy
The foreign policy of Tunisia is based on a number of principles that illustrate Tunisia’s attachment, as a peace-loving country, to international legality, so as to enhance conditions of understanding, tolerance and solidarity between States and peoples, confer more justice, democracy and balance on international relations, and promote security, stability, well-being and progress for the benefit of humanity.
These principles could be summarized as follows :
- Clinging to international legality as well as to respect of its requirements and decisions;
- Clinging to peace by favouring the logic of dialogue, negotiation and peaceful ways for the settlement of disputes and conflicts;
- Developing international relations within the context of mutual respect and commitment in favour of non-interference in internal affairs of other States;
- Supporting just causes;
- Contributing to all efforts and actions in favour of peace, security and stability, human Rights promotion and fulfilment of well-being and progress for the benefit of humanity in its entirety.
These principles are part of Tunisia’s foreign policy fundamentals. They represent the general framework of Tunisian diplomacy’s continuous action in the service of Tunisia’s supreme interests, both at bilateral and multilateral levels, the consolidation of its relations with brotherly and friendly countries and the reinforcement of its presence and credibility on regional and international scenes.
On the basis of a global and comprehensive approach to international relations based on a close correlation between the notions of peace, security, stability, development and democracy, the foreign policy of Tunisia is dedicated, in its various fields of competence, to the fulfilment of the following goals and objectives:
Developing and diversifying relations and enhancing cooperation in various fields with the spaces to which Tunisia belongs on the basis of a closely-knit partnership and interdependence of interests
- Reinvigorating the structures of the AMU as a common natural space of Maghrebi countries as well as a suitable framework for the implementation of their economic integration and for the consolidation of their relations with all regional entities, particularly with the European Union;
- Enhancing inter-Arab solidarity, promoting Arab common action and achieving economic complementarity with other Arab States;
- Consolidating and developing partnership relations with the E.U. in order to increase complementarity and interdependence of interests;
- Supporting the Euro-Mediterranean process in political, economic, social and cultural fields and strengthening partnership and solidarity between the countries of Northern and Southern banks of the Mediterranean;
- Strengthening relations and promoting cooperation with Islamic countries in all fields;
- Consolidating relations with African States in all fields and supporting the African Union;
- Enhancing cooperation relations with European States not members of the European Union as well as American and Asian countries in order to accelerate the pace of development of Tunisia’s national economy.
Reducing elements of tension and crises in international relations and fostering a favourable climate for the promotion of peace, security and stability in the world
- Cooperating in the field of fight against international extremism and terrorism on the basis of a global and comprehensive approach taking into consideration their different political, economic, social and cultural causes and within the framework of transparency and consensus.
- Settling in a fair manner principal problems of justice, mainly those of the Palestinian people and Middle East conflict;
- Introducing reforms in the structures of the United Nations Organization, improving its capacity and conferring more justice, equity and democracy on international relations inside and outside the United Nations;
- Consolidating preventive diplomacy and strengthening its mechanisms;
- Containing the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.
Rectifying the disequilibria characterizing international economic relations and enhancing complementarity and solidarity partnership between States
- Reducing the economic gap between industrialized, developing and less developed countries and implementing practical solutions to alleviate foreign indebtedness;
- Bridging the digital gap between industrialized and developing countries and giving the latter the possibility to take advantage of technological changes and computer science revolution;
- Intensifying horizontal cooperation between States and enhancing partnership as an essential element of exchanges of interests and experiences as well as complementarity of interests between States;
- Consolidating international solidarity in the field of fight against poverty, illiteracy and diseases;
- Enhancing international cooperation in the field of fight against the phenomenon of ecological degradation and cleanliness of global environment.